Is Bread Vegan? Best Types & Sneaky Ingredients

by Alena
Is Bread Vegan Pin 3

Don’t know if bread is vegan or what ingredients to look out for when buying a fresh loaf at the store? Our guide is here for the rescue.

There are some foods you can very obviously eat on a plant-based diet — bananas, rice, beans and all the leafy greens in the world. 

Then, some foods aren’t as clear-cut. You may wonder, “is bread vegan?” What about ketchup, soy, honey or olive oil?

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If you’ve just recently gone vegan and are working on cutting out all obvious animal-based ingredients, then please don’t worry about bread!

The short answer is: yes, bread is vegan. Most of the time!

However, there can be some sneaky ingredients in bread that are not completely plant-based!

Find our favorite vegan bread recipes, full vegan ingredient checker, printable grocery list and great vegan alternatives on the website for more tips.

close up of two hands kneading whole wheat dough on a floured dark surfacepin it

Is bread vegan? Check for these ingredients!

Bread, like other processed foods from sauces to spreads or frozen meals, is one of those items that you need to check the ingredients before you buy it.

It becomes a bit tricky when they sound very cryptic, so we want to help you out!

Non-vegan ingredients

  • Eggs or Egg Whites, which are used for a fluffy texture
  • Butter or Ghee, often found in Indian products or sweet breads
  • Milk, Lactose, Cream or Yogurt, which some breads contain either in fresh or dried form
  • Honey and Royal Jelly, which come from bees
  • Casein, Caseinate and Whey, which are derived from milk and used to add texture or flavor
  • Gelatin, which comes from animal connective tissue
  • L-cysteine, a dough conditioner and flavor enhancer derived from duck feathers, pig bristles or hooves.

Possibly vegan ingredients

  • ​Mono and Diglycerides, which are basically some type of fat. Most of the time, it’s made from soybean oil and therefore completely plant-derived. But they could come from other sources too, namely animals and synthetic components.
  • Lecithin, which is also an emulsifier and most always derived from soybeans – but it’s possible that in some cases, it’s actually derived from egg yolks.
  • Enzymes, while usually fungal-based, they can also be derived from pig pancreatic tissue.
  • Sugar, when white and refined, can be processed with bone char.

While many types of traditional bread are usually free from these non-vegan ingredients, things like naan, biscuits or garlic bread are almost always not vegan.

More and more brands choose to put the vegan label on their products (including bread), making shopping a lot easier. 

But just because your bread doesn’t have a vegan label, doesn’t mean it contains any animal products.

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Is yeast vegan?

Yeast plays an important role in baking and functions as a leavening agent by producing carbon dioxide.

It does so via a biological process because it is a single-celled organism and a member of the fungi kingdom.

So, while yeast is unquestionably “alive”, there is no sentience or suffering involved. Therefore, vegans can eat yeast!

What bread is vegan?

All types of bread that are traditionally made with just the simple components of flour, water, salt and yeast are vegan. 

Things like rye bread or sourdough bread are most often vegan — however, the fancier you get, the more likely you are to find some animal products like eggs, dairy, honey and others.

Here are the best choices of vegan bread!

  • Pita
  • Flatbread
  • Sourdough
  • Pumpernickel 
  • Rye bread
  • Ezekiel bread
  • Tortillas 
  • Ciabatta
  • French baguette
  • Sandwich bread
  • Bagels and rolls

Is sourdough bread vegan?

Yes, sourdough bread is usually vegan. Thank goodness, because it’s both delicious and healthy thanks to the fermented flour.

It is unlikely that sourdough bread is not vegan but made with milk products in the starter culture — this is usually not stated on the label and nothing to be sweated. The same goes for the “mono and diglycerides.”

Such tiny contributions of animal products won’t make a shift in the market as a whole and veganism would just seem unattainable to most people if this had to be taken into account. So, have your sourdough bread!

Is white bread vegan?

If sourdough bread is most likely to be vegan, white bread is the least likely. The answer depends on things like which country you’re in (some places use processing methods that include animal products like bone meal).

Enriched white flour can contain dairy in the form of dried milk powder, butter or milk, and eggs but the added vitamins and minerals can also be synthetically produced.

White bread products that are savory and “lean” like baguette and sourdough bread are usually vegan while softer varieties (rolls, bagels, sandwich bread, English muffins, Wonder Bread) are more likely to have milk or eggs.

Top view of sliced bread on white tablepin it

What is the healthiest vegan bread?

The healthiest vegan bread recipes are made with whole-grain flour from wheat to spelt or rye and are low in added salt, sugar and oil.

If you want to have gluten-free bread, be aware that they are often made with eggs to replace the binding plant protein gluten but there are some gluten-free vegan breads at the store containing rice, oats, corn, millet or buckwheat!

For an extensive and updated list of brands or options for vegan bread, check out Peta’s resource. 

Nutrients & benefits

While grains in general, and bread in particular, have been bashed on numerous news outlets, the major food and health organizations state that whole-grain foods, including bread, oatmeal or rice are recommended due to their health benefits.

Bread is a staple food in many countries and has been consumed worldwide for thousands of years — the different varieties that have evolved offer different nutritional profiles that can include good sources of:

  • Fiber
  • Thiamine
  • Folate
  • Manganese
  • Selenium
  • Niacin
  • Iron 

Whole grains are associated with a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes and obesity and for those looking to consume enough calories or need to follow a low-fiber diet, white bread is definitely helpful.

That’s why nutrition recommendations need to be adapted to each individual person and their needs.

Don’t forget that it’s also about what you put on your bread or in your sandwich that plays a huge role in whether or not your meal is healthy! 

Choosing hummus, cashew mayo, avocado or almond ricotta along with different raw and roasted or pickled vegetables is the way to go.

hand holding a piece of bread that was dipped in oil-free vegan hummus over a plate for fresh veggiespin it

More vegan guides

Make following a plant-based diet and lifestyle more accessible and fun by checking out these articles next!

Did you know that most bread is vegan? Have you tried making your own vegan bread at home? Feel free to share with us in the comments below and Pin this article here.

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Alena sitting in a cafe with a bowl of fresh plant-based food and a glass of coffee in front of her

About Alena Handwritten FontAlena Schowalter is a Certified Vegan Nutritionist who has been a vegetarian since childhood and vegan since 2012. Together with her husband, she founded nutriciously in 2015 and has been guiding thousands of people through different transition stages towards a healthy plant-based diet. She’s received training in the fields of nutrition, music therapy and social work. Alena enjoys discussions around vegan ethics, walks through nature and creating new recipes.

8 thoughts on “Is Bread Vegan? Best Types & Sneaky Ingredients”

  1. Thanks for an interesting post. I’ve never made bread but would love to give it a go. It makes me think of my grandparents house, my Grandad made bread and the smell of bread cooking was lovely to walk in to.

    • Hey Helen,
      lovely to hear from you again.
      Yes, bread is definitely one of my comfort foods as well! And no reason to feel bad about it, I’m sad to see that this important staple food has been demonized so much.
      I can see how the smell and taste of fresh bread brings back amazing memories… it does for me as well.
      Hope all is well,

    • Hey Miriam, we used cronometer which is a free online tool is calculate the nutrients! You need to create a free account to use it but we’ve been tracking all our food stuff there for years :)
      Hope this helps!


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